On Salon, Andrew Leonard ruminates on a new paper that tries to analyze gold farming (doing repetitive in-game tasks to earn money that is sold to players) with international development. Richard Heeks's (University of Manchester) new paper "Current Analysis and Future Research Agenda on "Gold Farming": Real-World Production in Developing Countries for the Virtual Economies of Online Games" is the first paper to explore gold farming from a development perspective, and as the title suggests, it is mostly a literature review and an attempt to define the areas for future research on the topic.
This was a pure-gold find for me, as I'm working on a young adult novel called For the Win that expands my story Anda's Game (about union organizers who sign up gold farmers in the developing world), and I've been reading everything I can get my hands on about gold farming. Heeks's paper is absolutely enthralling (for me, at least), a very broad and thorough survey of what we know, what we think we know and what we definitely don't know about gold farming -- it was even worth putting up with the world's least readable typeface (though it gave me a splitting headache). (Coincidentally, Andrew Leonard is the Salon editor who bought and published Anda's Game in the first place).
World of development economics Warcraft
Continuing survival of the sub-sector also relies on overcoming some severe
information failures – absence, uncertainty, asymmetry, and communication
problems. These have produced many examples of both opportunism and adverse
selection, with trading bringing uncertainty, risk and negative consequences. As
expected, these seem likely to have suppressed real-money trading well below its
"natural" level, and to have induced sellers into (potentially-hollow) assertions about
their trustworthiness. Because of its virtuality, though, real-money trading has seen
only a little of the localisation and intermediation one might otherwise expect in the
presence of such information failures.
Thirdly, continuing survival of gold farming relies on dealing with the many threats it
faces. Some of these are business-generic such as ease of entry intensifying
competition, or rising labour costs. Others are business-specific but just a low-level
nuisance such as character killing or account and IP banning or fraud. Others still –
patching, game redesign and marketing channel blocks – require constant innovation
to stay one step ahead. And a final category is much more serious such as game
company substitution or legal action by governments or game companies. Game
companies probably take such action through a mix of economic, moral and personal
in-game experience rationales. But one must recognise that gold farming bringsa
benefits to these companies, while action against gold farming brings both anticipated
and perhaps unanticipated costs.
, Current Analysis and Future Research Agenda on "Gold Farming": Real-World Production in Developing Countries for the Virtual Economies of Online Games (PDF)
See sample pages from this book at Wink. After Dinner Games: 40 of the Greatest After Dinner Games by Jenny Lynch (editor) Lagoon Books 1998, 96 pages, 4.8 x 6 x 0.5 inches $1-$8 Buy a copy on Amazon This pocket-sized book is for that time when things get awkward. That time when conversation has […]
Techpowerup caught hardware giants MSI and Asus shipping them graphics cards that were preset for a software-based overlock mode, meaning that the cards performed better out of the box for reviewers than they would for customers.
“After over 100 hours of work, I present to you Seinfeld.wad,” writes Doug Keener. “A replica of Jerry Seinfeld’s Apartment from his hit sitcom, Seinfeld!” Join Jerry, George, Kramer, and Elaine in this neat Doom/Seinfeld crossover! There are many custom textures and sprites to bring you the full experience of being inside Jerry’s Apartment, inside […]
Some people say magic tricks are nerdy and best left to your 12-year-old asthmatic cousin. But others see value in perfecting the slight of hand and showmanship associated with a perfectly executed routine. We’re firmly in the latter camp. And now, we’re giving you the ability to put a few parlor tricks up your sleeve with the Penguin […]
Bluetooth speakers may be convenient to use, but many of them just aren’t that powerful. Sure, it may be fine if you’re seated in front of the speaker. But move across the room, and you may strain to hear what’s coming from those tiny drivers.There’s a reason why the G-BOOM Wireless Bluetooth Boombox (now $79.99 in the Boing […]
If you’re working to build your web programming knowledge, you know you have a lot of ground to cover. With literally dozens of languages, platforms and environments available to coders, mastering all those technologies can be a daunting task.Up-and-coming coders can start learning some of the most fundamental programming study areas with this Web Hacker course bundle – and […]