Geckos are able to climb walls thanks to a coating on their toes of tiny hairs, called "setae," that are tipped with flat "spatulae." The large surface area of the spatulae exploit the van der Waals force, the weak attractive force between molecules, enabling the gecko's feet to stick. For years, scientists have worked on the development of synthetic adhesives inspired by this wonder of nature. Researchers at the University of Dayton and the Georgia Institute of Technology have now made an array of artificial setae that are actually nested carbon nanotubes. Eventually, the resarchers think the material could replace solder as well as more traditional adhesives. From New Scientist:
(The researchers) controlled the (carbon nanotube) growth process to make a forest of vertical nanotube trunks turning into a canopy of tangled ends on top. The curly entangled mess acts like natural spatulae – when pressed against a surface, they have a large contact area and hence a strong hold.
The new material was tested for stickiness on surfaces ranging from Teflon to sandpaper. Attached to a glass surface, a single square centimetre of it can support over 1600 grams when pulled roughly parallel to the surface.
That is roughly 10 times better than some species of gecko and three times better than the best artificial competitor.
But removing a pad of the material is simple, unlike some rival materials. Pulling it perpendicular to a surface means only the tips of the nanotubes remain in contact with the surface, and the setae will easily loosen their grip. A weight of 160 grams on a square centimetre is enough to do that.
"Gecko-grip material aims to be the end of glue
With the cacophony of an election year ablaze with unparalleled drama being fought on the front lines of Twitter, we find ourselves slowing down and staring at it like a bad accident. The need for escapist relief is perhaps more dire than usual right now. This fall, if it’s drama you crave, but the Hillary […]
Today a future without schools. Instead of gathering students into a room and teaching them, everybody learns on their own time, on tablets and guided by artificial intelligence. Flash Forward: RSS | iTunes | Twitter | Facebook | Web | Patreon | RedditIn this episode we talk to a computer scientist who developed an artificially […]
Where are our petabyte drives? Brian Hayes takes us through the reasons storage is “stuck” in the low terabytes. The tl;dr is that we got such exceptional capacity growth in the late 90s and early 00s we don’t need much more right now, so the focus since then has been on SSDs, networking, interfaces, etc, […]
Finding quality icons is a challenge for designers, and can also get pretty costly if you use them often. And when you’ve got a lot to do, the last thing you want to spend your time on is creating new icons from scratch That’s why we recommend using the Noun Project ($49). Noun Project is a site […]
While Netflix and Hulu have seemingly dominated the streaming market with their limited selections, we’ve looked a little outside the box and found something pretty great as an alternative. SelectTV combines all the content of cable with the convenience of streaming, and it’s affordable too.SelectTV is an online subscription service that packs an impressive library of over […]
These days, the vape market is saturated with low-quality products, making it nearly impossible to separate the gems from the duds. The Atmos Rx Dry Herb Vaporizer stands out from crowd for two reasons: its impressive battery life and durable construction. This high-end little gadget is compact enough to fit in your pocket, and packs a powerful punch, […]