How Homemade Rockets Are Made in Gaza?

Current contributor Zouheir Alnajjar lives in Gaza, and he produced this video segment about a group of young men identified as "Palestinian militants who make - and set off - homemade rockets headed for Israel." The video includes details on how chemical compounds in these homemade weapons are purportedly isolated from readily available, free materials, such as animal waste. This was filmed before the recent attacks that lead to the current combat. Also, the rocket fails in the end, so whoever these would-be killers are, it looks like they're n00bs.

Snip from video description:

For years Palestinian militant groups such as Hamas have fired these homemade rockets into Israeli towns and settlements as a means of resistance against the IDF and Israeli occupation or embargoes. Thousands of rockets have fallen on Israel and over a dozen have been killed. Collective Journalism, Current's citizen journalism program, works by combining perspectives from around the world to create a picture of the world we live in.
Gaza Rockets (, thanks Brent Marcus)

Update: I should add that I wondered while I was watching this how one might go about factchecking this video's contents. Some BB commenters weighing in on the thread here questioned whether the video might have been staged, or the science involved might be inaccurate. I'm not saying I believe this to be the case, just noting the questions asked. Any weapons experts or pyro/explosive/chem hobbyists care to weigh in? Can you really make deadly weapons that travel long-distance (15 miles or more) out of horseshit and sugar? I also welcome comments from folks at Current, or the filmmaker, who'd like to address the sources and HOWTO involved. And speaking as a video producer, I have to say -- the video is fascinating and upsetting, but I felt like the use of background music in this piece distracted. I would have edited differently. Trip-hop and violins were a little much in this context, when the footage was so compelling on its own.

Update 2: Andrew from Current weighs in. I didn't doubt the sincerity of the video producer here, but I think it's good to see people asking appropriately skeptical questions about science and sources with news coverage like this, and coming up with answers.



  1. Lol, those guys are “testing” KNO3 rocket fuel next to their loaded rocket. I wonder how many of them blew up to send out 1000+.

  2. That’s one of the most fascinating DIY videos I’ve seen ever on BoingBoing. There are clearly some very bright minds designing these weapons.

    This video has unfortunate effects on my attitude about the Israeli and Egyptian blockades of Gaza. The main elements of the rocket were horse manure and sugar and the manure was directly stated to have been imported. It makes the blockades more understandable.

  3. In other news, if you build rockets and fire them at other people, they’ll probably drop bombs on you. Ric Romero has more at 11.

  4. JoshuaZ

    The main elements of the rocket were horse manure and sugar and the manure was directly stated to have been imported. It makes the blockades more understandable.

    Yeah, you’re right. Confiscate their shit and their sugar.


  5. Twelve hundred times Jimmy plugged the toilet with M80s in 2008. Only 10 deaths were reported. Jimmy got expelled.

  6. You know, I had been under the impression that the casualty rate on the israeli side was much higher. I’m going to go out on a limb and guess that israeli organized crime groups killed more israeli citizens than the rockets did last year. No idea where to look to find out for sure though.

  7. JohnnyCat, not to labour your point, but did Jimmy’s whole town get invaded? Hundreds of his family and friends murdered?

  8. I call BS. A rocket made from a heavy metal pipe, flying 18 kilometers on saltpeter and sugar? No. My high-school friends and I ran a regular Manhattan Project developing weapons of not-so-mass destruction, and our sugar-based propellant mixtures never did much better than an Estes ‘B’ engine.

    Mostly they were good for unimpressive explosions on the pad, of precisely the sort shown in the video.

    And I know that when I need to tamp TNT and ball bearings into a nose cone, pounding the shit of it with a pipe wrench is always safe and efficacious.

    This was a pure dog-and-pony show, put on for unclear reasons. Manure was a key ingredient, all right.

  9. The relative simplicity of manufacturing and using mortars was also a significant plot development in the post-nuclear disaster Jericho series. I figured this was the real-life counterpart to that allegory.

  10. surprisingly sugar and saltpeter (potassium nitrate) is a common home recipe for smoke bombs. never heard of it being used as a propellant though. its sort of odd given with some charcoal and sulfur they could make basic black powder. which is not only a useful propellant but an explosive as well. might explain why the rocket didn’t launch.

  11. Coming up next on Anti-Make, how a couple of fun lovin’ boys from the heartland with a cool idea and some farm know-how pulled off the deadliest terrorist attack on US soil since 9/11! And be sure and tune in next week when we see how Kidon killed a man with just an everyday cellphone, social engineering, and a bit of explosive!

  12. Daemon, that’s clear. Also, more Israelis were killed in car accidents.

    Arkizzle, but’s which is causing which? And why then are there no rockets going into Egypt which has an identical blockade? (In fact, the Egyptian one is if anything stricter).

  13. Yes you can make potassium nitrate from animal waste (mostly pee, not poo). From that you can make black powder, unfortunately BP is not a very energetic fuel and as the rockets get bigger the thrust isn’t sufficient to propel the rocket itself much less a payload. I do have a Pyrotechnic License in the State of Texas and happen to like to make rockets. We have several members of the local pyro club ( that have setup manufacturing facilities to be able to do this legally. Man what the FEDS, State and Local Authorities make them go through to be legit.

    There is another propellant that can easily make rockets that reach several miles but I call BS on 18km. Google Whistle Mix and you will see. You need a hydraulic press to form a fuel grain hard enough to burn instead of just explode. You would NOT want to hammer it into a tube like you can BP.

    Stay safe and stay green.

    Smell the smoke!

  14. There’s some truth to the use of KNO3/sugar as a propellant. My favorite book in early teens was “Rocket Manual for Amateurs”.

    Potassium nitrate and sugar was one of the main propellants in the book, and if you got the stoichiometry right, it pretty good. The predicted specific impulse of the right mix is about 166 seconds. Measured values are down in the 130 range. LOX/H2 is about 440 seconds, and the Saturn V LOX/Kerosene system was about 250 seconds.

    The shuttle solid boosters are 242 seconds, so hitting half that with KNO3 and sugar is still a reasonable fuel.

    I doubt they’re getting the KNO3 from manure, although it is possible. “A Most Damnable Invention: Dynamite, Nitrates, and the Making of the Modern World” gives a good description of the process for manure based nitrates. It’s ugly. (The book is pretty good too, relating a lot of the wars and colonization efforts by the European powers to the need for nitrates for explosives and gun powders).

    As to the tamping, trinitrotoluene is considered to be shock and friction insensitive.

  15. ryuthrowsstuff, when i was a kid we used to make small rockets from sugar and saltpeper poured into bottle caps and sealed with cardboard. sometimes they have been flying 2-3 meters high – i say sometimes, because you needed to do this perfectly to get this effect, usually they have been hovering few centimeters above ground. this was a lot of fun, and the best part in this game was that our parents told us not to do this :-)

  16. Der Spiegel did an interesting piece on Gaza rocket makers about a year ago.

    It also said they make the fuel from a “mixture of glucose, fertilizer and a few other chemicals,” although it mentioned piled up bags of fertilizer bearing Hebrew writing, which they brought in from Israel. That suggests to me that it’s not manure, but commercial fertilizer of some sort (probably not all that different from the stuff Tim McVeigh used in Oklahoma City).

  17. JoshuaZ, I don’t think either caused the other. They are both reactions to an infinity of causes stretching back decades.

    But they have different results to the people affected by each.

    I honestly don’t know about the Egypt-side blockade, but I can tell you, at the height of the Troubles in Northern Ireland, even though the car-bombs were made from a fertilizer base, the authorities never tried to blockade the ports or ban fertilizer.

  18. Yeah these people were nuts. No offense but I could design a better boomy delivery system. (if the winds are right hell light balloons and small bombs.)

    They lack the skills to process it the way it should be done. The chemistry should give them a reasonable reaction, but their processing is horribly crude. Which is probably a good thing as their safety procedures would likely take out whatever apartment building they are doing this in if they did it for real with real quantities of materials.

  19. By way of credentials, I spent several years employed in the synthesis, manufacture, and testing of explosives and weapons, with emphasis on improvised devices- not so much in propellants, but the “sugar” propellant isn’t that sophisticated.

    Yes, it’s a real propellant, and yes- it works. See:

    Potassium nitrate (KN) *can* be prepared from manure, but it’s difficult. It’s either in the TM 31-210 Improvised Munitions Handbook or TM 31-200-1 Unconventional Warfare Devices And Techniques. I can never keep those two books straight. But the yield would be low and- frankly- bagged KN would be easier to buy.

    As for heaving something that size 15 miles- I’d have to sit down and do some calculations that I’m not too good about to begin with, but- yeah. I’d say offhand that it’d be possible. But by that point, you’d have an empty steel cylinder with a nose cone and fins- probably no real explosive payload as it would contribute far too much to the device’s weight. Some unconsumed KN/sugar mix might remain, and present some small risk on impact. Their primary danger would consist of direct impact; although perhaps a hazard if they could be guided into a populated area, they present no grave risk. I’m a little surprised they’ve managed to kill anyone with them at all.

  20. I also call BS on this one.

    A rocket that size couldn’t get 18 km if you used LOX H2, much less a sugar motor. As I recall, the rockets that they are lobbing at Israel are about six feet long, and at least twice the diameter of the one these bozos had.

    You can make pretty nice rocket motors using sugar and potassium nitrate, and if you do it right, they have pretty good thrust (better specific impulse than BP), but it takes a little more equipment than what they were showing. At a minimum, you want to measure the ingredients to a couple of percent variation at most, you need to stir it quite well (think twenty minutes with a mixer, not a few quick stirs with a tea spoon) not to mention it looked like they made a couple of ounces and then poured it into a tube that would take several pounds of propellant. Also, if you want thrust, you need a nozzle, something that was noticeably missing from the video.

    Next, any rocketeer knows that the rocket won’t be stable until it reaches a certain velocity, and sticking it on a half meter long angle iron ain’t gonna allow it to get up to stable speed. If it hadn’t blown up, it’s trajectory would have been random at best.

    And as one commenter noted above, that also wasn’t much of a propellent test. You can’t tell how well the propellent works unless you test it pressurized. Usually, you cast a small motor in a tube, and test that.

  21. Funny this should show up today — just this morning I was talking to a friend of mine who works for a large US defense contractor, and who specializes in propellants. He spent several weeks in Israel not long ago, on, shall we say, business. He’s seen these things with his own eyes.

    I asked him how it was possible for Hamas to make rockets under the conditions they’re working with, with materials that must be pretty simple.

    Without referencing the video, here’s what he said about rocket design:

    Tube: any pipe will do. There are no street signs in Gaza, because their pipe/post/supports have all been used to make rockets.

    Propellant: potassium nitrate mixed with sugar. The propellant is pressed into molds that are square in cross-section and cut into units about a foot long. A hole is drilled up the center. These sections of propellant are loaded into the pipe, which has a diameter about the length of the diagonal of the square cross-section. Several segments go into each rocket. The propellant burns on the surface of the hole through the center and on the flat sides that don’t meet the inside of the pipe. This gives plenty of surface area for a good burn.

    Potassium nitrate isn’t hard to make from urine, although the process is smelly and unpleasant. It’s a very old and low-tech process. But potassium nitrate is also an agricultural chemical — a fertilizer. (It is not, however, what Timothy McVey used — he used ammonium nitrate.)

    A nozzle can be welded on the end of the pipe (presumably this is done first, and the propellant loaded through the payload end of the rocket). Fins are also welded on or otherwise attached.

    Payload: black powder will work, but isn’t really explosive enough for a satisfactory effect. Any explosive will do, including plastic explosives.

    Detonator: a metal rod sticking out through the nosecone makes contact with the target. Inside the nosecone is a gun cartridge, with the primer in contact with the rod. When the rod hits something, the cartridge fires into the explosive or into something that causes the explosive to detonate.

    Launching: a rod or rail is used as a guide during launch.

    The rocket burn lasts a very short time, so most of the flight is spent coasting, but very fast. What makes the rockets so alarming is that they’re essentially silent as they approach the target, meaning that there’s very little time to take cover. Of course, the “target” is whatever happens to be on the ground where the rocket lands.

    My friend did note that the rockets are mostly unnerving. They do/have killed and (mostly) injured people, of course.

  22. BS or not, if the most accurate weapons they posses are old WWII Russian jobs, the homemade ones can’t that be much better than what’s portrayed in the video if that’s the case.

    The vid was posted to ad a little food for thought to the current conflict, not for armchair Werner Von Brauns.

  23. “We use potassium nitrate, which comes from animal manure.” – video subtitle

    They’re not claiming to have extracted it from imported manure.

    The rocket they launch (or fail to) with the ostensible intention of maiming or killing whatever people are forwards of it isn’t the same rocket they ‘make’.

    Whatever the intention of the video was, I don’t think it worked for me. I guess I’m not the target audience.

  24. Using saltpeter and sugar to make rocket motors works well. We called it “carmel candy”. 2/3 saltpeter to 1/3 sugar. Heat in an enamel pot OUTSIDE over an electric hot plate until the sugar carmelizes and makes a tan goop. (If you heat it too hot it ignites and you get an amazing eighty foot tall pink flame and a very scorched pot.) Pour into a suitable mold for the rocket motor. There are many other steps but you can make a 1 pound rocket that makes 65 pounds of thrust for two seconds. That’ll give you 65 g’s leaving the launch pad. A rocket the size of the one in the film would have no trouble going 15 miles.

  25. ‘v sd t bfr nd ‘ll sy t thsnd mr tms.

    smbdy nds t pt ths f*ckng thsts t f thr f*ckng msry.

    hp thy kll ch thr ff wth thr bckwrds sprsttns.

    …ws ths vd ntndd fr ppl lk m?

  26. how about if we kidnap babies from each side and dump them on opposing sides of the border with no way to tell where they came from? Would you murder your own child on speculation?

  27. My aunt’s father was a terrorist. He made bombs.
    It said so on the occupying forces’ arrest warrant. The year was 1943.
    I don’t know if he ever killed any civilians, but I have to ask if Joshuaz would have had a problem with it ..?
    So terrorist was the name given to him by the Germans. Me, I like “résistance” better. And today, there is no doubt to me that what Hamas is doing is résistance. It’s not just their right to resist, no matter how violently, to an illegal occupation and blockade, it’s their duty.

  28. The main elements of the rocket were horse manure and sugar and the manure was directly stated to have been imported. It makes the blockades more understandable.

    I don’t believe that anyone would extract nitrates from animal manure when they can be purchased so easily. Well, maybe someone would do it for a Renaissance Faire.

    As for the rockets, the Palestinians are using many different types, most of which are not “home made”. The term “home made” is probably a misnomer; even the ones produced domestically can be quite sophisticated. The ones smuggled in are obviously fancier.

    Finally, of course that video was created for propaganda purposes. Whyever else would anyone produce something like this?

  29. What I’m wondering about: what happened to this great anti-rocket-technology that should be able to protect the Israeli civilians against these pesky rockets?

  30. Hey all – I’m Andrew, I’m from the department at Current TV that was responsible for bringing this piece in from Gaza. I can’t speak to the science of it, but I can offer some more background to the story. This was produced for Current by Zouheir Alnajjar, a Palestinian freelance journalist who lives in Gaza. The rocket-makers featured here agreed to let him film them, yes probably so they could get their message out to a western audience. But, Zouheir is not an activist or a propagandist, he is a journalist, and did not make this video as a piece of propaganda for this militant group. This video, one of many on Current about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, is just one perspective, and I personally think a fascinating one that we in the west have had little exposure to.

    The point made earlier in this thread about this video raising interesting points about the Israeli blockade I think is one of the most interesting things about this video. The Israeli blockade has been made as stringent as possible regarding any material that could possibly be fashioned into weapons, but militants in Gaza still find ways to make weapons. What can the Israelis do? As Arkizzle says above: “Confisicate their sugar and their shit”?

    Zouheir, in addition to this piece, also produced a piece for Current about the smuggling tunnels used to bring weapons of greater sophistication into Gaza from Egypt ( which offers another angle on where some of these supplies might be coming from.

    To silkox’s point re: the unreliability of these rockets – these homemade rockets are not dissimilar from your standard Big Bertha Estes rocket. They’re easy to build, fail frequently, and are impossible to aim. During the present conflict there were days that Hamas shot hundreds of rockets into nearby cities like Sderot and Ashkelon, but the Israeli civilian death toll can still be counted on a single hand. Why make these rockets? For these militants, it almost seems like it is still a symbol of resistance – to be able to negatively affect the lives of Israelis in some way is enough.

  31. This was produced for Current by Zouheir Alnajjar, a Palestinian freelance journalist who lives in Gaza. The rocket-makers featured here agreed to let him film them, yes probably so they could get their message out to a western audience. But, Zouheir is not an activist or a propagandist, he is a journalist […]

    I don’t disagree with the way you characterise him, but would he able to produce a show critical of Hamas? If not then he is effectively their tool.

  32. > A cursory read indicates why this will NEVER be republished.

    Erm, didn’t you just make it public, doesn’t that constitute an act of publication? (Note: publication != printing)

    Be that as it may, thanks.

  33. more and more, as the various rocket specs emerge,(real and fancied) I come to the conclusion that the IDF infra red footage shown at the beginning of the attack on Gaza shows a bunch of people killed for loading welding cylinders in a truck.

  34. @ Joe in australia,

    If a journalist have never written against someones, lets say neonazi or pro-live ,they are their tool??

    It seems a little demagogic, isn’t it?

    If a reporter would have to write a column each day, against and for, a particular subject to not being seen as a “tool” then… wait, aren’t reporters supposed to write in a neutral tone when confronting any kind of event?

  35. Compared to Hezbollah’s operation I saw on CNN or BBC last year (sorry, can’t find a link), it’s pretty rinky-dink, about a step up from slinging rocks at Israeli tanks. And it looks like they’ve hit the limit if all they can do is take potshots 10 miles out and invite periodic reprisals. In the latest one, Israel killed many more Gazans by accident than Hamas did by design.

    @Chris Tucker:

    A beautiful book.

    Pleasantville: A screaming comes across the sky…

  36. I’m not a big fan of the Arab world in general, but if I were in Gaza, I’d be throwing everything I could at Israel too.


    Actually, Arkizzle, I think you’ll find they did ban high-nitrate content fertilzers in Northern Ireland, for precisely that reason.

    [quote]Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland

    Due to the threat of IRA bombings, Northern Ireland has classified ammonium nitrate as an explosive and banned any fertilizer containing more than 79% ammonium nitrate. The Republic of Ireland has similar regulations. Ammonium nitrate has been replaced by the compound product CAN, which consists of 78.5% ammonium nitrate and 21.5% calcium carbonate. While CAN is a popular fertilizer in its own right, some farmers consider it less efficient than 100% ammonium nitrate.

    The Irish regulations have been in place since 1972. Ammonium nitrate is controlled as an explosive and import licences and secure storage are required. According to Ireland’s Department of Agriculture, farmers accept the need for the regulations, and in fact many have no experience of farming prior to the regulations. When the regulations were introduced the main effect was to increase costs for farmers. Greater quantities of CAN had to be used, resulting in greater purchase, haulage, storage and spreading costs. [/quote]

  38. This reminds me of an urban legend about the infamous Anarchist Cookbook: that it was either secretly published by, or allowed to be published by, the FBI because it didn’t include sufficient safety precautions in its recipes for explosives and therefore would aid in eliminating many would-be bomb-makers.

  39. #31 Silkox. The motors you describe sound about right, and are easy to make in a relatively primitive setting. I have to admit I didn’t think about case side grain burning, which will give you huge thrust and short duration. However, the guys in this video weren’t making those motors.

    Here’s a link to an amateur rocket site that got contacted by some serious folks.

    That nozzle shows some of the serious engineering needed to get decent performance from a big sugar motor.

    For general info on sugar motors, google trailertrash aerospace.

    My guess is that these guys are either wannabes or propaganda throwaways in case the other side figures out where they live. If I were playing their game, I wouldn’t want my real rocket scientists on film for any reason anyway.

    Re: Anarchist Cookbook. I had use of a copy of that in college (oh so many years ago.) My Chem Eng buddies all said that most of the stuff should work, but that most of the procedures were very dangerous. Didn’t know about the urban legend, but ether distillation (a common technique in the Cookbook) is a quick way to a short life if you don’t have lots of temp sensors, Ox sensors, etc.

  40. It’s propaganda. Just look at the first shot where our blindfolded journalist feels his way through the hallway. According to his own account HIS cameraman shot this — it’s a staged scene.

  41. For anyone interested, the Wikapedia article on Quassam rockets is accurate. (It’s been a discussion topic on several closed pyro mailing lists). The bottom line is yes, a sugar rocket can fly 10-15 miles even if made from a signpost.

    A few comments: Anyone want to guess the favorite source of KNO3 used by US pyros? Haifa Chemicals Ltd. Israel. No horse poo in sight, except in this video’s content.

    Also, these rockets do have warheads, typically easily made and unstable explosives like acetone peroxide. No fusing needed since impact will set them off. This effect is enhanced by the scrap metal included to increase casualities.

    Finally, they are unstable on take-off and can’t be effectively aimed. This means they are useless as military weapons, but can be used as terror weapons to murder civilians like the V1 and V2 rockets of WW2.


  42. All emotive music backed material such as this should be taken with a pinch of potassium chlorate; it ain’t journalism.

  43. BlackPanda, an interesting point, and I’ll conceed it.

    I wasn’t aware of it for the simple reason that the various factions still managed to make fertilizer bombs. Maybe they were concentrating the low-nitrate varieties, but it still happened, somehow.

    My original point was, even though the various paramils were making bombs and weapons out of regular non-military items, the borders weren’t locked down in the same way as we see in Gaza.

    There was absolutely heavy security on airports in both NI and the Republic (with wand-scanning on everyone who entered the front doors), but the ports were open. You weren’t stopped because you were the wrong religion or colour. You didn’t need special ID..

    Neither shit nor sugar was contraband.

  44. You weren’t stopped because you were the wrong religion or colour.

    I’m only talking of the ports compared to Gaza’s border crossings, here..

    This doesn’t apply to going-about-your-business in an everyday capacity. There were indeed armed roadblocks – both military and paramilitary in various parts of NI (and heavily armed blockades on the Republic border), only too happy to stop you and ask your surname at gunpoint, search your vehicle, scare you to make some point or other..
    Right up until fairly recently, despite what the press and politicians would have us believe.

    Everyone had someone to fear, even ‘your own’ side at times. But it wasn’t the same as Gaza.

  45. @Chris Tucker


    We had that book when I was a kid – my brother and I read it like crazy! I’ve ALWAYS wanted to get a copy but had no idea the title, publisher, etc.

  46. Crap in a big pile. Wait. Turn over the pile. Are there any yellow-white crystals on the bottom? No? Wait some more. Yes? Harvest the crystals and make explosives and/or propellants by mixing them with other stuff that’s even easier (and much quicker) to make.

    The only way to stop people from being able to make explosives is to kill them. Even that doesn’t entirely work… since rotting corpses can be used as explosives when properly contained. In medieval times, sappers ignited tunnels packed with rotting pigs to knock down castle walls.

    I believe the message here is “If people want to blow you up, they will find a way”.

    The corollary is, “If people don’t want or need to blow you up, their ability to do so will rarely be a problem for you”.

    Arguing over whether this particular method works kind of misses these points, doesn’t it?


  47. The rocket at the end sequence is not the same one they made. It is merely an RPG round fastened to a homemade rocket fuselage. The difference in shape is unmistakeable.

  48. MZNG!!

    mzng hw BngBng cmpltly gnrd th Gz msscr tht’s bn gng n fr 3 wks, n whch mr thn 330 chldrn wr mrdrd – srl cmpltly gnrng N dcsns.

    N mntn f th prhbtd wht phsphrs bmbs sd n rsdntl rs n n f th wrld’s mst crwdd rs.

    gnrng th bmbng f N schls, nd hsptls – ll f whch srl sd ws “by mstk”. dzns klld.

    Yt t rmmbr t cmmnt n ths “kllrs”, whch mst thr prts f th wrld cll frdm-fghtrs – fghtng gnst mrdrs sg mpsd n thm n thr wn lnd, n whch ppl wr rdcd t ckng nd tng grss.

    XN – nthr Znst prpgndst.

    1. oldJet,

      A) If that was meant ironically, it didn’t really work.

      B) If that wasn’t meant ironically, are you mental?

  49. Dr NTNS/MDRTR,

    s tht BngBng, by scrmblng my prfctly lgtmt pnn nd pst, dcdd t tk sds n ths glbl Znst prpgnd.

    1. Dear oldJet,

      Why don’t you type ‘Gaza’ into the BB search box and read the last half dozen posts. After you’ve done that, feel free to write me and explain why I should reinstate your account.

  50. No, but: “mzng hw BngBng cmpltly gnrd th Gz msscr tht’s bn gng n fr 3 wk.”

    C’mon.. That was E P I C.

  51. @xn —

    pprct tht bngbng wrks t b n pn frm nd fl tht y r pstng sm f th mst ntrstng stff n ths sbjct. mst tk mnr ss wth ths sntnc frm yr ntr:

    “Ths ws flmd bfr th rcnt ttcks tht ld t th crrnt cmbt.”

    Thr’s qt lt f dbt bt wh brk th csfr, nd wht ld t th crrnt cmbt. Mny ppl sy tht srl brk th csfr n Nv. 5th wth n rstrk nd grnd ncrsn, nt rprtd wdly n th .S.

    Hmn Rghts Wtch sys tht n th prd btwn 2005 nd 2007, Hms sht 12 tns f frtlzr xplsvs sch s th ns n ths vd — tht’s 6800 rckts — nt srl. n th sm prd, srl drppd 14,000 tns f hgh-grd mltry xplsvs n th Plstnn trrtrs.

    nd t’s ntrstng ls t kp n mnd tht, vn BFR ths cnflct, s rslt f th srl blckd, th mn pwr plnt n Gz hd bn sht dwn snc Nv. 14 (nt ngh dsl nd brkn qpmnt — whn nw nw prts wr shppd t th plnt, srl ddn’t lt thm thrgh cstms, nd rcntly strtd ctnng th prts ff s “thy hd bn sttng n cstms fr mr thn 45 dys”). Rsdnts f Nrthrn Gz hd ccss t wtr fr 6 hrs vry 3 dys — BFR ths cnflct. Nw ll th fd nd mdcn NRW hd ws brnd p whn srl shlld th N cmpnd (wth wht phsphrs?), nd 80,000 ppl hv n wtr r fd r fl.

    rcmmnd J Scc’s “Plstn” fr nyn wh wnts t gt sns f wht lf hs bn lk fr Plstnns n th lst dcd.

    1. greta,

      Please don’t post speeches and please don’t post the same speech in multiple threads.

    If a journalist have never written against someones, lets say neonazi or pro-live ,they are their tool??

    I wasn’t asking if this journalist ever had written an article crital of Hamas; I was asking if he could write a critical one. Would he be in danger if he wrote a critical article? Would he lose his sources of information? Would he lose the financial or physical support he needs to continue reporting?

    I haven’t seen any reports from inside the Gaza Strip that are critical of Hamas. This makes me very suspicious: what, the place is run by masked gunmen and there’s really nothing to complain about?

  53. further,I know for a fact there are reports from inside Gaza that criticize Hamas because I posted at least one here. A little honest googling and anyone could find similar.

  54. “the video is fascinating and upsetting”

    I know what you mean. How dare these people fight back? Why not just learn to enjoy the life of a refugee in your former land? Look how well the American Indian has adjusted. They’re perfectly happy on their reservations, and you Palestinians should be on yours, as well!

Comments are closed.