Meet Jake Adelstein, a Jewish reporter who thinks like a Japanese gangster

6580.jpg Jake Adelstein is the author of Tokyo Vice, a new book that chronicles the author's crazy adventures as a crime reporter for Japan's largest newspaper. During his 12 years at Yomiuri Shimbun, Adelstein made deadly enemies — and some lifelong friends — in the yakuza, the organized crime underworld that quietly controls a large part of Japan's political economy. The book (which I reviewed in January) chronicles his journey from naive young foreigner to one of the ballsiest reporters on the yakuza beat. Along the way, he discovered that one of the mob bosses, a guy named Goto Tadamasa, had made a deal with the FBI to go to the US and get a liver transplant at UCLA — an embarrassing scandal that Goto didn't want anyone to know about. When Goto found out that Adelstein was investigating, he figured he should just kill him. "It was really terrifying," he says. "I couldn't even walk outside without my lovable ex-yakuza bodyguard next to me."

Fortunately for Adelstein, he found himself still breathing when Goto lost power in October of 2008. Today, he walks the streets of Tokyo with a titanium core umbrella ("a baseball bat would probably make people uneasy") and that keeps him safe... at least for now.

Over the next two months, we'll be collaborating with Jake Adelstein to bring you a series of Boing Boing exclusive yakuza stories. We'll kick it off with a two-part Q&A that gives us an inside look at his life and brings us up-to-date on yakuza influence on present-day Japan. After that, we'll go behind-the-scenes with Adelstein and his yakuza buddies to watch how they do ordinary things like play video games, use the computer, and chop off body parts.

For part one of the Q&A series, I sat down with Adelstein over bacon waffles and coffee one morning in San Francisco to get some personal stories of Adelstein's connections with the yakuza. Read on to learn about how a Jewish-American from Missouri beat up a mobster with a golf club; the indelible link between gangsters and Buddhist priests; and how Adelstein came to incorporate the highest yakuza values into his daily life.

How did you know that Goto Tadamasa wanted to kill you?

On the day he got kicked out of the Yamaguchi-gumi*, one of the last things he said as he was getting into his car was: "That fucking American Jew reporter. I'd like to kill him." When I heard that, I thought, well it's nice to be recognized for your hard work.

Goto has been connected to 17 unsolved murders. His people are responsible for the attack on film director Itami Jyuzo in 1992. Itami made a movie parodying the yakuza. It showed them as what most of them are, as a bunch of obnoxious sneaky lying thugs, and they didn't really like that. They didn't kill him at first — they just grabbed him as he left his house and slashed open his face in the parking lot. A few years later, he allegedly committed suicide. But what I heard from people who would know is that they dragged him to a rooftop, stuck a gun in his face, and said you can jump or we'll blow your face off.

So nobody out there wants to put a gun to your head and make you jump?

Well, I'm sure Goto would like to do it. The question is, what's the cost benefit of doing it? Right now [with the publication of Tokyo Vice] I'm such a public nuisance that whacking me would only bring more heat and might bring political pressure on Japan to close down the yakuza buildings and put them out of business. When you consider the risk of doing that, the analysis is, well, easier to let him live and be a pest rather than make a martyr out of some annoying Jewish-American.

Are you scared of the yakuza?

Of course I'm scared of them. Even the guys I'm close to I'm scared of. They're like wild animals. These are guys who make a living through violence, and they're very very tough. They just have incredible endurance and tolerance for pain. They're like the Energizer bunny; you can beat them and hit them with a hammer and they'd still come at you like the Terminator. I'm saying this from personal experience.

You mean you've actually fought with one?

In April 2008, I was trying to figure out how Goto knew that I was writing a book about his liver transplant. There was a yakuza real estate broker; he was a good source, and I had paid him. I remembered having a conversation with him a few months back, and he was asking how my book was coming along — I suspected he might have been sounding me out for information. So I went to his office and said, "Listen, did you sell me out on Goto? Did you tell him I'm writing a book"? And he said, "Yeah of course. He pays much more than you do. Why wouldn't I? It's not like we're friends. It's nothing personal." He didn't even try to deny it. So I said to him, "Remember a couple years ago when Sugiura got hit? I'm gonna tell my friends in the Sumiyoshi-kai that you gave away his location. They may not believe me, but they might come ask you some questions, and when they do I don't think they'll be very nice to you. Nothing personal." And as I turned my back to leave, he jumped on me. He started hitting me really hard and kicking me. So I ran to the corner of his room and got a golf club, and kept hitting his knee until his knee broke. I was just running around in circles aiming at his knee. Even after his knee broke, he was still crawling at me. I was like, god! Why don't you just give up?

What does it say about you? Don't you have to be a bit crazy to throw snarky comments at yakuza and break their knees with golf clubs?

It would say that I have a bad temper. I was angry! I didn't make the first attack, though. That was totally in self-defense. What would you do if someone whom you thought was a friend was like, I planted heroin in your car and called the cops?

I would probably be like, I'm in the wrong business. On the wrong beat. I'd probably get out.

It was too late, you know? I was committed. Committed to the left lane. I was taking my driving test a few years ago and my instructor said, go to the right lane. And I told him, I can't. I'm committed to the left lane.

But isn't there a point in a reporter's life where they realize, if I go any further than this, I'm going to be putting myself and the people close to me at great risk, and you either decide to go ahead or you don't? How did you make that decision?

By the time I got to that point, I didn't have a choice. When the FBI and the National Police Agency were putting me under police protection in March 2008, one guy at the NPA whom I had known from my days of covering the police beat said to me, "Let me explain to you how this works. You're probably thinking, alright, I'll just go home. I wouldn't advise that. You've pissed off a guy who has very good connections in the United States. If you go home to your family he'll send someone to where you live and kill you; and if your family's around they will all be killed as collateral damage. If you ask, he'll just say, hey, it was just some crazy foreigner. Never meant for the family to be wiped too. So if you love your family, you're not going home until you resolved this."

His advice to me was, "You're a writer. Time to write. He's angry with you now because you have information, but once it's out he'll have problems bigger than you to worry about."

Do you worry about your family?

I have a guarantee from someone up high in the Yamaguchi-gumi that they won't touch my family. Their word is pretty solid. It's a gentleman's agreement that they'll only kill me, which makes me feel better.


Sure, because there's less to worry about.

What do you do to keep yourself centered?

I meditate. I'm going to get my Buddhist priest certification this year — that's what I originally went to Japan for. I've been offered a meeting with Goto when I get that certification. He's also a Buddhist priest now. Another boss promised that once they can be sure we're not going to punch each other's lights out, we should meet. "He's a changed man," he said. I'm like, yeah, tell me another one.

Is it a trend for ex-yakuza to become Buddhist priests?

It's not uncommon. There are two reason for doing this. Once you set yourself up as a religious organization, you don't get taxed on your income. It's a great way to launder money. The other reason is that people love the bad guy becomes a good guy story. As soon as he left the Yamaguchi-gumi, there was an order out to hit him; but as soon as he becomes a Buddhist priest you can't kill him. Here's this guy trying to lead a good life and you killed him. You guys are evil. He's good. Goto leaked the Buddhist priest story all over the place. The priest robe is his bullet-proof vest.

Is it your bullet-proof vest too?

No, it's just something to do. I've got a lot of yakuza friends and cop friends and reporter friends. They all die early. It would be nice to be able to do their funerals for them.

Is there anything about the yakuza that you admire?

Unlike in America, where someone's word is as light as a feather, some of the yakuza guys have demonstrated incredible loyalty. If they promise something — if they give their word — they honor it, even if that promise is no longer convenient or even detrimental to keep. Bushi ni nigon wa nai. ("A warrior does not have a forked tongue.") Once you've said it, then you'll do it. A promise is a promise. It's so rare to meet anybody in this world who has any sense of honor, who puts actual importance in keeping their word. That's one of the nicer things about them.

I was a very typical American when I started on this beat. I'd say I'd be somewhere and I wouldn't, I was late for appointments... To me those are typical American traits — sloppy, forgetful, doesn't honor their word, and doesn't remember the favors that have been done to them. Over time, I've learned that if you say to one of these people, yeah I'll call you, then you better call them. Every time you say you'll do something, you do it, and you build credibility with these people. I'm willing to accept their codes of behavior and live by them.

There's a lot of wisdom in the things that they've taught me. What's bad about that is that I'm probably a very hard person to be with. I'm a very hard person to date and to have as a friend because my expectations are high. As a result, I don't have that many close friends. I don't know if I'll ever date anyone again. Most of my closest friends are either cops or criminals.

You've also said in the past that it's not safe for someone to be too close to you.

I wonder if I should hand people a list that says: "Hi, here are the risks of being close with me" — like a warning on a cigarette pack — "I have a dangerous job and I anger people and it might put you at risk if you're perceived as someone very close to me."

I'm horribly overly paternal. I'm not a misogynist or a chauvinist, but I keep seeing women victimized. So with my friends who are female, I am overgenerous and overprotective to the point of being annoying. And there's guilt involved there. I probably care too much because I'm compensating for a time when I didn't care enough.

I believe investigative journalists serve a function in society by correcting wrongs that the government or police won't address. It keeps society healthy. I believe in my cause, and am willing to risk personal injury to do that. I'd be setting a bad example for my children if I said, "When the bad guys yell in your face and threaten you, you run away." I like my job. I think I do some good in the world.

Has this affected your health at all?

You can toss around terms like PTSD, but that's not what it is. There's still a legitimate risk, however small, so I have to be careful. Sometimes I see someone who's walking behind me for too long or someone who just has that look and my fight or flight turns on. I think the psychological term is hypervigilance. When I walk into a restaurant I scope out the place. I almost always sit facing the door. I sleep in two to three hour shifts.

I'm in lousy shape after smoking and drinking too much and being under constant stress. The other day, I had a migraine or a mini-stroke. It was ten in the morning, and I was Tweeting on my computer something funny that a yakuza boss had said recently when I noticed I couldn't see out of my left eye. I had a splitting headache and felt really nauseous. I tried dialing emergency but no words would come out of my mouth. So I walked to the clinic down the street, and they ran some tests. I had to cancel my flight to the US and book a new ticket.

One of the things I love most about Japan is the public health care system. When I feel bad, I can go to the doctor without going bankrupt or worrying that my insurance company's going to drop me.

If you had the choice, would you get out of this lifestyle?

Yes, I would love to get out but I can't. I am trapped. How do I earn my living? I write. What's my next book about? It's about yakuza. Until I finish that book, I'm locked in.

*The Yamaguchi-gumi is the largest yakuza group in Japan. The other two major ones are the Sumiyoshi-kai and Inagawa-kai.


  1. Some months ago I watched the Daily Show with Jake Adelstein as a guest (nov. 16th) I laughed a lot and kept the episode on my laptop to watch it again when I need some comedy in my life… The interview here seems more serious, but still fascinating!

  2. I remember Jake’s interview about his first Yakuza book on The Daily Show. He seemed like a very interesting guy, though this blog post really illustrates his struggles and how passionate he is about his job. I was mildly interested in his book before, but now i really understand his background better and why he’s doing what he’s doing.

    Will be really looking forward to more of the blog posts about him, and perhaps i shall pick up his book whenever i get the chance.

    1. Yes, but does that one have a titanium core? Cause we all know that titanium makes everything better! :)

  3. I’m trying to figure out who is living the more dangerous life. Is it Adelstein who has made a career reporting on, rubbing elbows with, and sometimes angering these dangerous criminals?

    Or is it you and me and the rest of us poor schmucks who have no health insurance and live in a land without public health care?

    1. “I’m trying to figure out who is living the more dangerous life. Is it Adelstein who has made a career reporting on, rubbing elbows with, and sometimes angering these dangerous criminals?

      Or is it you and me and the rest of us poor schmucks who have no health insurance and live in a land without public health care?”

      Well, with that logic, you should join the military. You can have the best health insurance in the world and only be in mildly more danger then Adelstein.

      1. Military service would be safer. You get body armor, an automatic weapon, a secured base, and 50k homies to back you up. Adelstein gets a nifty umbrella, a sometime bodyguard, and some assurances that his family won’t get killed.

  4. Coincidentally, I just finished reading Adelstein’s book “Tokyo Vice” last night. As a dedicated Japanophile, I thought it was amazing, but even someone with just a casual interest in Japan or organized crime would probably find it a great read.

  5. Is it just me, or are there some strong parallels between this guy and Isaac Adamson’s novel Toyko Suckerpunch? (which is apparently being made into a movie, I just learned.) The main character is “Billy Chaka, ace reporter for Youth in Asia, Cleveland’s hottest selling Asian teen-rag.”

    It’s a 4-book series and awesomely hilarious.

  6. How did you know that Goto Tadamasa wanted to kill you?

    Am I really going to be the first one to say “Goto considered harmful”?

  7. Wow. Took a “look inside” on Amazon, and couldn’t stop reading! Bought it instantly. Love his writing / story-telling style.

  8. So I guess Adelstein is divorced now? Doesn’t surprise me after reading both this interview and Tokyo Vice. He claims to be hyper-protective of women frequently, and yet throughout the book he talks of numerous inappropriate situations with women other than his wife that would put most men in the dog house at the very least. I like his story and his style, but whenever he talks about women now I take it with a big grain of salt because it’s obvious he very much wants to be widely perceived as The Mighty Woman Protector, when it’s clear from his own stories and interviews that’s a selective act for him. Great interview, though. Looking forward to Part 2.

  9. I still haven’t gotten past the photo yet. I thought it was Dave Gahan (Depeche Mode).

  10. Oh the melodrama and heroism of Adelstein. I feel his imagination is pushing beyond the bounds of authenticity. Having read a serious number of books regarding Yakuza out of pure fascination I find his account of Yakuza and his dealings somewhat over inflated, rhetorical and suspect. Im no authority just suspicious. Beating gangsters in the knees with golf clubs? On a televised interview he said something to the tune of im afraid to leave the house on rainy days Yakuza like to kill on rainy days because it washes away the blood. How romantic. He also claimed to closing the blinds to his apartment window for fear of sniper rifle fire. I guess this is no longer the case. The product of too much Rising Sun – Black Rain etc movies. All this could make a great book found on the fiction shelf perhaps. If youre interested in some serious documentation on Yakuza try authors Kaplan and Dubro or Whitings Tokyo Underworld. If you prefer Jerry Bruckheimer drama try Yakuza Diary by Seymour or Speed Tribes.

  11. TT
    Have you actually read the book? Did you read the Washington Post article or the LA TIMES? Do you think the Post didn’t vet the article first? I read the book and I also read Japanese well and everything he writes checks out. Look up Itami Juzo or Mizoguchi Atsushi and see what happens to journalists and directors that anger the yakuza in this country. If read the book you’ll notice that the author you mention, Robert Whiting of TOKYO UNDERWORLD, who does serious documentation of the yakuza, has considerable praise for Adelstein’s book–and not as fiction. He’s also listed in the acknowledgments.The dubious nature of SPEED TRIBES is well-known. Hopefully, you’re not recommending it.
    Or look at Adelstein’s website and see the supporting materials. Opinions are opinions, but before criticizing what you don’t know and apparently haven’t read, try reading it.

  12. I enjoyed the book but think he is wrong about most Americans being untrustworthy. In my central US world people keep their word. You also have to know when people are just saying something to be nice. If I took everything Japanese say quite literally I would be disillusioned with them. But I don’t. Same in US.

  13. The yakuza are scary dudes. I remember reading in the JT about when this one yakuza guy shot 2 death the mayor of Hiroshima. And I saw them beat the crap out of this college student in Roppongi once. I don’t know what the dude did but man did they wallop on him. The cops came pretty quickly but the yaks were way gone.
    i haven’t read the whole book but i did read the excerpt in Metropolis, which was about the first yakuza boss Adelstein ever met. And it was pretty interesting, scary stuff. So, yeah, I understand why the guy would have trouble relaxing.
    I think he’s a little crazy for sticking around but he’s probably one of those true believer types…i mean its not like it’s his country. But it’s kind of cool to see someone stick up for what they believe in. Even if they r crazy.

  14. Anon #23

    I too have yet to read the book but have my suspicions as well. I know of the interview that TT mentions and the author himself truly does paint a different picture than what he states in his interview above. Here he comes off as cocky with his epic regaling of physical fights, bodyguards, and titanium umbrellas. It’s as if he’s tooting his own horn and putting himself on a pedestal, possibly one above the reach of the Yakuza? You might say he was more like a scared opossum in his TV interview, all holed up inside a dark apartment fearing for his life. It’s fairly obvious and might I add, comical, that his current defiant and undaunted attitude is in such stark contrast to his pre-Tokyo Vice demeanor. Such inconsistency makes me question what his real deal is and, frankly, makes me wonder if he is more spotlight hungry than someone simply trying to get the truth out.

    Whether I want to read a book or not is based on how I feel about it – what I might know about the author or even the behind-story on the content. If the author seems somewhat questionable – nevermind the authenticity and fact-checking of the actual content – I may be persuaded not to read the book based on sheer eye-rolling and disgust over his selfglorification. Or, I may be inclined to read it just to see if his material is indeed solid enough to back such bravado. Whatever the case may be, I think we’re all entitled to formulate our own opinions and criticize if we so wish. Like you said, opinions are opinions.

  15. anon #23: “Here he comes off as cocky with his epic regaling of physical fights, bodyguards, and titanium umbrellas”.

    He just told it like it is to make a point of how the tough attacker just kept on coming, even with a broken knee. When hearing a person talk about a fight they were in, weak scaredy-cat people always think that that person comes off as cocky with epic regaling of physical fights.

  16. I have to wonder. On one hand, maybe this guy is totally the real deal. He certainly seems to have the chops to prove it. On the other hand, maybe he exaggerates a bit because he loves the Yakuza; one of those guys who is always talking about how tight he is with gangsters, and how dangerous his life is. I don’t know.

  17. I met Jake by chance 7 years ago on a weeknight in downtown San Diego. I had a Japanese girlfriend at the time, who by accidentally bumping into him on an escalator, found out that he spoke native-like Japanese and worked for the Yomiuri Newspaper. I was excited to meet him and kept in touch with him on a loose basis. I’m glad to see he’s safer than before and that he finished his book–I didn’t even know that all of these events were taking place in his life! I wish him good luck and above all safety.

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