David Weinberger's manifesto, "Rebooting Library Privacy in the Age of the Network," is a beautifully written explanation of the different mechanisms that have traded under the name of "privacy" and "disclosure" over the centuries in libraries, and how these are changing, thanks to the net and the new capabilities of networked books and reading. Weinberger makes a very good case for the importance of preserving intellectual privacy for library patrons, but finds room in this for knowledge sharing and collaboration. It's part of Harvard's upcoming Hyper-Public, "A Symposium On Designing Privacy and Public Space in the Connected World" (Jun 9-10).
Social norms about privacy are obviously changing. No one knows yet where they will end up, but clearly we are undergoing a generational transformation.
Rebooting Library Privacy in the Age of the Network
Norms are what holds if exceptional circumstances need to be cited to justify contrary actions. In a grocery, the norm is that once an item has been placed in a shopper's cart, other shoppers are not free to take it for themselves; if you do wish to take an item from another shopper's cart, you need to give a reason.
In software and social systems, norms are expressed as defaults: functionality and configurations that encourage certain uses and behaviors. Defaults and norms are fundamental to human society; without them, we would have to go back to first principles every time we entered a grocery, and would have to renegotiate fundamental rules of behavior every time we queued. They are the implicit that enables us to live together.
Privacy is a set of norms expressed by defaults. In a library, for example, the norm is that you can glance at what someone is reading, but if you stare over someone's shoulder, it will eventually become rude, and after some more staring, a librarian will be called over.
As these norms go through a generational change, it is crucial that libraries get the defaults right -- or at least righter. There is, however, no possibility of perfection: The privacy norms are changing, the norms are less homogeneous than ever before, and the changes to the defaults will themselves influence the norms.
Despite this uncertainty, libraries need to do their best to re-balance the values and risks of publicness, in order to address the new norms, and new opportunities
I asked Amy Parness, the co-founder of Sparkle Labs, maker of fantastic educational electronics kits, to write a Medium post about gender and the business of being a maker business person. Her terrific essay calls out the problems with “pink girly engineering kits.” From Medium:
Zero UI is the new term for “invisible interfaces”—what happens in the future when all the clicking and tapping and typing is history: “If you look at the history of computing, starting with the jacquard loom in 1801, humans have always had to interact with machines in a really abstract, complex way.” [Fast Company]
CEO Dick Costolo will resign, to be replaced in the interim by Jack Dorsey
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