Pat Aufderheide sez,
When is it OK for me to put copyrighted material on e-reserves for students?
I've got an ancient VHS and the company that made it is defunct. Can I copy it to DVD for a prof's class?
A student's thesis analyzes advertisements and includes some of them. Can I put the thesis in our digital institutional repository?
Academic and research librarians can employ their fair use rights to make such decisions, and now they have a Code of Best Practices in Fair Use to help them decide what's appropriate. Librarians developed this code under the aegis of the Association of Research Libraries and with funding from the Mellon Foundation in sessions over the course of two years, in locations around the country. Legal scholar Peter Jaszi (Washington College of Law, American University) and communication scholar Patricia Aufderheide, who have facilitated several codes of best practices in fair use, also participated.