A new ACLU report called The Outskirts of Hope (PDF) documents the rise of illegal debtors prisons in Ohio. A majority of municipal and mayors' courts (an unregulated and rare system of courts only permitted in two states) surveyed by the ACLU routinely imprison people for their inability to pay fines, a practice banned in both the US and state constitution. 20 percent of the bookings in the Huron County Jail are "related to failure to pay fines."
Taking care of a fine is straightforward for some
Ohioans — having been convicted of a criminal
or traffic offense and sentenced to pay a fine, an
affluent defendant may simply pay it and go on
with his or her life. For Ohio’s poor and working poor, by contrast, an unaffordable fine is just
the beginning of a protracted process that may
involve contempt charges, mounting fees, arrest
warrants, and even jail time. The stark reality is
that, in 2013, Ohioans are being repeatedly jailed
simply for being too poor to pay fines.
The U.S. Constitution, the Ohio Constitution, and
Ohio Revised Code all prohibit debtors’ prisons.
The law requires that, before jailing anyone for
unpaid fines, courts must determine whether
an individual is too poor to pay. Jailing a person
who is unable to pay violates the law, and yet
municipal courts and mayors’ courts across the
state continue this draconian practice. Moreover,
debtors’ prisons actually waste taxpayer dollars
by arresting and incarcerating people who will
simply never be able to pay their fines, which are
in any event usually smaller than the amount it
costs to arrest and jail them.
The report documents heartbreaking cases, like Samantha Reed and John Bundren, a couple with a nine-month-old who were both ordered to pay fines they can't afford. John diverts whatever seasonal/part time wages he earns to Samantha's fines so she can look after their baby, while he goes to jail for ten-day stretches for failure to make payments. They are effectively indigent, but are not given access to counsel when they appear in court over their debts.