Wired's Kim Zetter rounds up some of the highlights from Untangling the Web: A Guide to Internet Research [PDF], an NSA guide to finding unintentionally published confidential material on the Web produced by the NSA and released in response to a Muckrock Freedom of Information Act request. As Zetter notes, the tactics discussed as described as legal, but are the kind of thing that weev is doing 3.5 years in a Federal pen for:
Want to find spreadsheets full of passwords in Russia? Type "filetype:xls site:ru login." Even on websites written in non-English languages the terms "login," "userid," and "password" are generally written in English, the authors helpfully point out.
Misconfigured web servers "that list the contents of directories not intended to be on the web often offer a rich load of information to Google hackers," the authors write, then offer a command to exploit these vulnerabilities — intitle: "index of" site:kr password.
"Nothing I am going to describe to you is illegal, nor does it in any way involve accessing unauthorized data," the authors assert in their book. Instead it "involves using publicly available search engines to access publicly available information that almost certainly was not intended for public distribution." You know, sort of like the "hacking" for which Andrew "weev" Aurenheimer was recently sentenced to 3.5 years in prison for obtaining publicly accessible information from AT&T's website.