The first robot in cinema

Harry Houdini thought he was a superstar, but there was one medium he was unable to conquer: movies.

He made a number of silent films, yet only The Grim Game is even tolerable. But there is one memorable thing about Houdini’s The Master Mystery, a 1919 filmed serial of 15 installments – it contains the first appearance of a robot in cinema. At the time the word “robot” did not yet exist, and Q is referred to as “The Automaton.” (The term “robot” was created in 1920 by Josef Čapek, whose brother Karel first used it for the title of his play R.U.R. [Rossum's Universal Robots].)

Q in The Mastery Mystery

But Q is certainly recognizable as a robot, and his image lingered in the minds of designers of robots to come in later films, and also as toys, for over 40 years. He cut an imposing figure, managing to even squeeze some emotion out of Houdini.

Q Grabs Houdini by the Neck

If you’re wondering what the first robot in cinema looks like in action, here’s a snippet of Q as he appears in The Master Mystery.

What became of the original costume used for Q we do not know, however at the Los Angeles Conference on Magic History held at the beginning of November, Q mysteriously reappeared.

The Conference is put on bi-annually by Jim Steinmeyer, Frankie Glass, Mike Caveney, and John Gaughan (names you likely don’t know but should), and is an invitation-only 3-day event that is the hottest ticket in the magic community. In addition to lectures on the history of magic, the specialty of the Conference is recreating illusions and such that have not been seen for a century or more. In the case of Q, he was recreated in sculpted foam and cardboard by Paige Moore, then painted and aged by Jim Piper, and displayed in the Conference’s Exhibit Room.

Q Recreation

On Saturday evening, after a lecture by illusion builder and conference co-organizer John Gaughan, Q reappeared in a humorous interlude and stomped his way through the audience.

To understand why audiences in 1919 might have been somewhat alarmed and apprehensive about Q, we only have to transpose that to our own feelings about the robot Ava in Alex Garland’s Ex Machina, in which we eventually learn that Eva is not so different from Q after all. Almost a century may have passed, but robots are still of questionable character.

Q film daily Sunday Aug-25 1918

Q Newspaper Ad

Notable Replies

  1. Jorpho says:

    The noseless telephone-face in the poster has a certain appeal.

  2. daneel says:

    Does this not count?

  3. if they're going to describe it as "a mechanical figure with a human brain," wouldn't the silent "Oz" films with the Tin Man, starting early as 1910, mean he came first?

  4. I'm flattered you used my manipulated image over the original. My robot character, from the book BOILERPLATE: History's Mechanical Marvel, finds itself in the most interesting places!

  5. Yeah, what IS a robot? When is something a machine vs being a robot? When is a humanoid automaton a robot or something else? Was the tin man some other creature, like an animated simulacrum of a man? But why wouldn't that type of creature BE a robot? Does it have to be humanoid to be a robot? Does it have to be constructed of parts to be a robot? Are R2D2 and C3PO robots? Are droids different than robots? What about weird things like Terminators, or the liquid terminators: are those robots?

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