A group of activists, data scientists and policy analysts have conducted a survey of the use of force policies in place in America's cities, ranking them by whether they meet four common-sense criteria: whether the priority of force is "preserving life"; whether officers are required to de-escalate situations; whether officers are allowed to choke civilians; and whether officers are required to intervene to prevent their colleagues from using excessive force.
The researchers used the Freedom of Information Act to extract use-of-force guidelines from the police forces they ranked, and published all their source data.
The research has led to a model use-of-force policy that police forces can use to minimize excessive force by officers against civilians.
POLICE USE OF FORCE POLICIES LACK BASIC PROTECTIONS AGAINST Police violence
These policies often fail to include common-sense limits on police use of force, including:
1. Failing to make life preservation the primary principle shaping police decisions about using force
2. Failing to require officers to de-escalate situations, where possible, by communicating with subjects, maintaining distance, and otherwise eliminating the need to use force
3. Allowing officers to choke or strangle civilians, in many cases where less lethal force could be used instead, resulting in the unnecessary death or serious injury of civilians
4. Failing to require officers to intervene and stop excessive force used by other officers and report these incidents immediately to a supervisor
(Thanks, Fipi Lele!)