Before resiliency was a buzzword, it was an area of serious psychological study.
The history of resiliency as a concept is fascinating, and well-told in Maria Konnikova's New Yorker story, but the payoff is even better. Resliency comes down to how you perceive negative events in your life, your role in them, and what they say about you.
Similar work has been done with explanatory styles—the techniques we use to explain events. I've written before about the research of Martin Seligman, the University of Pennsylvania psychologist who pioneered much of the field of positive psychology: Seligman found that training people to change their explanatory styles from internal to external ("Bad events aren't my fault"), from global to specific ("This is one narrow thing rather than a massive indication that something is wrong with my life"), and from permanent to impermanent ("I can change the situation, rather than assuming it's fixed") made them more psychologically successful and less prone to depression. The same goes for locus of control: not only is a more internal locus tied to perceiving less stress and performing better but changing your locus from external to internal leads to positive changes in both psychological well-being and objective work performance. The cognitive skills that underpin resilience, then, seem like they can indeed be learned over time, creating resilience where there was none.
Unfortunately, the opposite may also be true. "We can become less resilient, or less likely to be resilient," Bonanno says. "We can create or exaggerate stressors very easily in our own minds. That's the danger of the human condition." Human beings are capable of worry and rumination: we can take a minor thing, blow it up in our heads, run through it over and over, and drive ourselves crazy until we feel like that minor thing is the biggest thing that ever happened. In a sense, it's a self-fulfilling prophecy. Frame adversity as a challenge, and you become more flexible and able to deal with it, move on, learn from it, and grow. Focus on it, frame it as a threat, and a potentially traumatic event becomes an enduring problem; you become more inflexible, and more likely to be negatively affected.
How People Learn to Become Resilient [Maria Konnikova/New Yorker]
(via Dan Hon)