No expression of far-right idiocy is complete without a macho misreading of Nietzsche. So frequently miscast as the godfather of everything from the Master Race to Mens' Rights, his name alone is something of a shibboleth. Which is sad, because he wouldn't have thought much of them, writes Sean Illing.
"Nietzsche's argument was that you had to move forward, not fall back onto ethnocentrism," Hugo Drochon, author of Nietzsche's Great Politics, told me. "So in many ways Spencer is stuck in the 'Shadows of God' — claiming Christianity is over but trying to find something that will replace it so that we can go on living as if it still existed, rather than trying something new."
Nietzsche was a lot of things — iconoclast, recluse, misanthrope — but he wasn't a racist or a fascist. He would have shunned the white identity politics of the Nazis and the alt-right. That he's been hijacked by racists and fascists is partly his fault, though. His writings are riddled with contradictions and puzzles. And his fixation on the future of humankind is easily confused with a kind of social Darwinism.