What are all those frothy bubbles rising from the sea floor and coating the submersible craft in this video? Why, it's liquid carbon dioxide, venting off an underwater hot spring connected to Eifuku volcano in Japan's Volcano Islands.
Better yet, life can still survive, even in an environment this extreme. Check out what blogger Caleb Scharf spotted:
… pay attention at 38 seconds into the show. With utter disregard for the extraordinary environment a shrimp-like creature swims purposefully under the robot and exits stage lower right. It may not live in liquid CO2, but it doesn't seem bothered by it in the slightest. We must also assume that it's finding plenty of food within this bubbling environment.
Via Ed Yong