With a document detailing the use of rape as a tactic in war and a threat to global security, the United Nations Security Council this week voted unanimously to approve resolution classifying rape as a weapon of war.
The former commander of the UN peacekeeping force in eastern Congo, Maj Gen Patrick Cammaert, told the BBC he had personally witnessed its impact.
"It's a very effective weapon, because the communities are totally destroyed," he said.
"You destroy communities. You punish the men, and you punish the women, doing it in front of the men."