Puerto Rico's Arecibo Observatory is the world's largest radio telescope. Arecibo is an icon of science. It's where scientists proved the existence of neutron stars was proven, discovered the first binary pulsar, made the first direct image of an asteroid, made the first discovery of extrasolar planets, and of course transmitted the Arecibo Message, an attempt to communicate with extraterrestrial intelligence. And right now, the Arecibo Observatory is facing demolition due to budget cuts. Nadia Drake attended meetings this month in Puerto Rico to where scientists, staff, students, and the National Science Foundation discussed the telescope's fate and why it needs to be saved. From Natalie's wondrous "No Place Like Home" blog at National Geographic:
Science isn't the only concern at Arecibo. In fact, the majority of people at the meetings discussed the role the observatory plays in inspiring and training Puerto Rican students, some 20,000 of whom visit the site every year.
Though it's hard to quantify, the value of inspiration and education is not insignificant, especially considering how underrepresented Hispanic students are in the sciences.
As evidence, several students involved in the Arecibo Observatory Space Academy spoke about how important their time at the observatory was, and how this pre-college program gave them hands-on research experience that continues to affect their lives.
"I can say that AOSA has had a great impact on my life," said Adriana Lopez, a 14-year-old space academy alum. "Always, in my life, I've been fascinated with space, and it has led me to join several camps, but none of them have affected me like AOSA. This academy provided me with skills not even my own academic institution did."
Luisa Zambrano, a graduate student who's not only using Arecibo data in her dissertation but is involved in running the space academy, said that 100 percent of academy students that have graduated from high school are now in college. Further, she said, among the more than 150 students that have come through the program, "we've been able to maintain almost even male:female ratios—which is very unusual for science. Especially among Hispanics."
That's not all.
"Over the last five years, we have had 24 Hispanic students or teachers," said Robert Minchin, Arecibo's radioastronomy lead and summer internship supervisor. That might not sound like a lot, he said, but it's more than the typical graduating class at a U.S university.
"It's not possible to give someone a research experience if you're not doing research," Minchin said.