Chameleon on the head of a match

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This fellow is Brookesia micra, a tiny chameleon species newly discovered on the island of Madagascar. Seen here is a juvenile, but even an adult only reaches approximately one inch long. According to National Geographic, "Scientists (from Germany's Zoological State Collection) think the diminutive new chameleon species might represent extreme cases of island dwarfism, whereby organisms shrink in size due to limited resources on islands." "Unmatched Among Chameleons?"