Bram Stoker's working notes for Dracula were discovered in 1913 (but not published until 2008); now researchers at the London Library have pulled the titles Stoker referenced and shown that these were the very books that Stoker used — they can tell because he defaced the library books, circling the phrases he later made notes on.
The markings range from crosses and underlinings against relevant paragraphs, to page turnings on key pages, to instructions to have someone copy entire sections into his typewritten notes.
Some of the most heavily marked books include Sabine Baring-Gould's "Book of Were-Wolves" and Thomas Browne's "Necromancy – Divination of the Dead". But the range of titles also sheds light on the detail of Stoker's geographical and historical research – for example, AF Crosse's "Round About the Carpathians" and Charles' Boner's "Transylvania".
The suggestion that Stoker was using the Library heavily is given added weight by the timing of his seven-year membership which coincides almost exactly with the period when he was working on Dracula and beginning to develop an active writing career alongside his already very successful role as theatre manager at The Lyceum Theatre. Earlier research by our Archive Librarian Helen O'Neill showed that he joined in 1890, the year he visited Whitby and first developed the idea for his vampire story, and he finally left the Library in 1897, the year Dracula was published. His membership form is seconded by his close friend Henry Hall Caine, a bestselling author of the day, a London Library member, and the man to whom Stoker dedicated Dracula, using Hall Caine's nickname "Hommy-Beg".
THE BOOKS THAT MADE DRACULA [London Library]
(via Super Punch)