The Pyxis Supplystation from Carefusion is an automated pharmaceutical drug cabinet system that's still widely used despite being end-of-lifed by its manufacturer — a new report from CERT discloses that independent researchers Billy Rios and Mike Ahmadi have found over 1,400 critical remote-attack vulnerabilities.
Many of the vulnerabilities need very little skill to exploit and the researchers say they believe they're already being exploited in the wild, with exploits being publicly available.
The cabinets are based on Microsoft's discontinued Windows XP/Server 2000 products. Carefusion will not issue patches for the old systems, but they have provided some advice to help customers mitigate the risk from these bugs (things like using VPNs, having a firewall, etc).
Exploitation of these vulnerabilities may allow a remote attacker to compromise the Pyxis SupplyStation system. The SupplyStation system is designed to maintain critical functionality and provide access to supplies in "fail-safe mode" in the event that the cabinet is rendered inoperable. Manual keys can be used to access the cabinet if it is rendered inoperable.
Impact to individual organizations depends on many factors that are unique to each organization. NCCIC/ICS-CERT recommends that organizations evaluate the impact of these vulnerabilities based on their operational environment and specific clinical usage.
CareFusion Pyxis SupplyStation System Vulnerabilities [CERT]
1,400+ vulnerabilities found in automated medical supply system
[Zeljka Zorz/Helpnet Security]